What is the difference between ionic, polar covalent, non-polar covalent, and hydrogen bonding?


This is a 12point assignment. The objective of this assignment is to spend hours thinking and understanding the chemistry, water, and carbon properties, biological molecules, organelle function and plasma membrane structure and physiology. Remember, there are many more questions that can be asked of you than just these 24 questions. Think about the question, and after you have answered, think about all the different ways that I could ask the same question and think about all the other parts. For example, if I ask about “dehydration synthesis” only, don’t stop there. You’ll want to study the other process as well- “hydrolysis.” The more time you spend looking at these concepts, the more comprehension you’ll achieve. This assignment can act as a study tool and should add towards your overall study time for Unit 1.


INSTRUCTIONS: The easiest way to complete this assignment is to type in your answer below each question. (Hit the enter key to make some space) Please type your ANSWERS in BLUE for easy reading. Save this document either as a PDF or .docx, either way is fine. Upload to dropbox on BB by the assigned date which can be found on the announcement page on BB. You will be given zero points for this assignment if it is turned in 1 minute past the due date but can be turned in up to two weeks early. My advice, turn it in at least one day early. Do not email it to me.


1. How many valence electrons does carbon have?
2. What is the type of attraction between the H H O in H2O (water)?
3. What is the difference between ionic, polar covalent, non-polar covalent, and hydrogen bonding? Don’t just look up the definition- rather, understand.
4. Can you identify the solute, solvent, and solution in sugar water?
5. What does a solution have lots of if it is an acidic solution? 
6. What does a solution have lots of if it is a basic solution?
7. How many protons does oxygen have?
8. What is the difference between a cis-isomer and a trans-isomer?
9. Can you name off the seven functional groups? 
10. The chemical structure COOH is which functional group?
11. Is glucose a monosaccharide, a monomer, or a carbohydrate?
12. Do you know the 4 main polysaccharides? What are they?
13. What is the difference between a triglyceride and a fatty acid?
14. What are the 4 main types of lipids?
15. C-C-C-C-C-C-C-C-C-C-H Is this a leg of a saturated or unsaturated fat?
16. What exactly does dehydration synthesis mean?
17. What does a primary protein look like?
18. What is the function of the smooth ER?
19. Do products flow from Golgi to ER or ER to Golgi?
20. How are lysosomes, digestive enzymes, and food vacuoles work together?
21. Of all the different kinds of cell junctions, which one acts like silicone/caulking?
22. If you place one red blood cell floating in a glass of pure water, would you call the inside of the cell hypertonic or hypotonic? What will soon happen to the red blood cell?
23. Is facilitated diffusion active or passive transport?
24. How is pinocytosis different from phagocytosis?
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